Ukraine

How the Dutch Referendum Killed EU enlargement

On Wednesday, around 2.5 mio. Dutch voters rejected the EU-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (61.59% yes, turnout 32.2%). In effect, a small minority of less than 0.5% has become a veto player for an agreement affecting more than half a billion people.

                                                   Photo credit (©) AP...

Bosnia is no model for Ukrainian peace

An unfortunate narrative has captured the discourse on the crisis in Ukraine, as political solutions to end the conflict and Russian incursion are sought. Many commentators have ruminated that a ‘Dayton-style solution’ or the ‘Bosnian model’ be implemented in Ukraine as a means to end the violence and embrace decentralized, regional based federalism where Kiev could not impose their will on the ethnic Russians in the east, while maintaining a still ostensibly unified Ukrainian state.

On paper, a Dayton-style...

Why Montenegro has decided to stand up to Russia

Two years ago, the former US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, saved the day (and helped to resolve an inconclusive discussion at the Chicago summit on this subject) by making a public pledge that the next NATO summit will be about enlargement.  In the meantime, NATO’s open-door policy had slipped down the priority list, and the Ukrainian crisis sparked a fundamental rethinking of European security considerations.

Currently, there is only one real candidate for membership at the September 2014 summit in Wales – Montenegro. As for the other Balkan aspirants,...

Revisiting the Legality of Kosovo’s Independence in the Light of Crimea

The Russian President Putin and the Crimean Declaration of Independence employed the Kosovo case in attempt to defend the legality of Crimea’s secession and annexation by Russia. This analogy commences with a paradox as Russia has continuously maintained that Kosovo’s independence was in violation of international law.

Be that as it may, the recent developments in the Crimea have revitalized the debate on Kosovo’s statehood, prompting politicians and academics to re-examine its legality.

Some scholars have rightly recalled that unlike in the Crimea where no...

Why Kosovo constitutes a legal precedent and Crimea does not (yet)

On 27 March 2014, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a non-binding resolution entitled “Territorial Integrity of Ukraine”, calling on States, international organizations and specialized agencies not to recognize any change in the status of Crimea or the Black Sea port city of Sevastopol, and to refrain from actions or dealings that might be interpreted as such.

By a...

Ukrainian crisis and EU enlargement in Western Balkans

The Ukrainian crisis will have significant consequences for the future of the European periphery, which is now increasingly becoming an arena for competing powers. The game started with EU and Russia, but it quickly involved the United States too. In its foreign policy, Russia seems to be unimpressed with the EU, but not with the US. Whether with or without the involvement of EU, the future structure of the international system in the outskirts of Europe is likely to become bipolar, with significant elements of multipolarism. The European core – including the territory of current EU – is...