Kosovo

The challenge of moving from normalised dialogue to normalised relations

Five years since the beginning of the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue and three years since the signing of the ‘First Agreement of Principles Governing the Normalization of Relations’, the EU-facilitated dialogue’s record is mixed and contested. The April 2013 document establishing the parameters for including northern Kosovo within Prishtina’s legal framework, while increasing autonomy for the predominantly Serb municipalities (especially those in the north) and providing the opportunity for closer cooperation through the Association/Community of Serb majority municipalities, as well as the...

A Balkan byway to a big land deal

In 1963, the economist Albert O. Hirschman noted that, in Latin America, many believed that progressive change had prerequisites. Reformers tended to insist that progressive change could only be realised by overcoming certain prerequisites, often with foreign donor advice. Revolutionaries had an easy time ridiculing the reformers’ progressive measures, which were “openly and avowedly antagonistic” towards the status quo, arguing that “a basic transformation of existing power relationships is a prerequisite to adopting and enforcing any measure that threatens the interests and privileges of...

CEFTA and the SEE 2020 Strategy: The Importance of Trade Facilitation

Regional trade within CEFTA is still strongly impeded by time-consuming and costly procedures and formalities, especially when crossing the borders that separate member countries. Trade facilitation may help address and reduce these obstacles – specifically, trade facilitation relates to the simplification and standardization of all formalities and procedures at the borders, which is expected to decrease border-crossing costs and, as a result, it should expand further regional trade.

In that context, the South Eastern Europe 2020 Strategy (SEE 2020) provides a...

To UNESCO or not to UNESCO: Serbian Cultural Heritage in Kosovo between Sovereignty and Protection

No event after Kosovo’s unilateral proclamation of independence in 2008 has attracted so much public attention in Serbia as its failed attempt to become the member of the UNESCO. Despite victorious headlines in several Serbian media outlets, one could easily describe the result as the Pyrrhic victory for Serbia. On October 21 the UNESCO Board agreed to vote on Kosovo, which is still not in the UN but recognized by 108 of its members, for the UNESCO...

Kosovo– Creating Performing Institutions, The Case of Kosovo Customs

One of the main attributes of a state is the existence of an effective customs administration which is able to control borders and facilitate their crossing, through specific routes and official checkpoints. In the case of Kosovo, Customs were created in 1999, and with the assistance of the international community, they could become a modern institution and address the challenges most customs are confronted with – in particular the prevention of corruption and controlling all borders.

CREATING KOSOVO CUSTOMS FROM SCRATCH...

Kosovo’s SAA: sign of change in relations with EU non-recognizers?

Disagreements over Kosovo used to be among the most flagrant examples of how difficult it is to operate a common EU foreign policy.  Consequently, does Kosovo signing the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the EU on 27 October in Strasbourg signal some shift in the respective positions of the five EU members that do not recognize this country's independence? Or does it merely illustrate the fact that Brussels has found a way to go around them?

This blog post looks at the case of Slovakia which, along with Greece, has been the most flexible of...

Kosovo - The Need for an Effective Competition Policy

The implementation of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) between Kosovo and the European Union is expected to start in 2016. SAA Article 75 is about Competition and other Economic Provisions. Considering article 75, within a few years, Kosovo is expected to implement effectively competition policy, in line with the EU Acquis and experience.

The effectiveness of competition policy is first of all defined by the actual outcomes of investigation...

Kosovo – A Country in the Making. The Case of Trade Policy

Kosovo is not just a country in transition, it is also a new country, which means that state bodies had to be created, most often from scratch, new laws had to be adopted and enforced, and new policies had to be engineered and implemented – all in a newly established democratic environment, with competing political parties and evolving views about the future of the country. Such drastic changes require time and resources; there might also be “trials and errors” and subsequent adjustments. In that context, trade policy is of prime importance, because it helps Kosovo establish new relations...

Kosovo’s Key-Assets to Address the Challenges of Transition

Kosovo is one of the poorest countries in South Eastern Europe and, like other countries in the region, its liberal and democratic transition is de facto confronted with major challenges. However, despite transition problems, Kosovo does possess three key-assets that could be better mobilized to make the country more prosperous, namely its youth, the large Diaspora and abundant minerals.

THE YOUTH AS HUMAN CAPITAL

Successful experiences of economic growth underline the importance of...

The Challenges of Transition in Kosovo

Fifteen years after separating from Serbia and despite considerable foreign aid, Kosovo is still confronted with serious economic, social and institutional challenges; they include inter alia trade deficits, fiscal problems, the quality of governance, unemployment and poverty. Findings underline the complexity of the liberal and democratic transition, for which much time is required to overcome the legacies of the past and build a new, more unified and richer country.

       Kosovo in perspective

Kosovo is a very small country – it has a...

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